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Drug Testing Debate Draws Brentwood Support

School district officials, public safety officers, parents and students were among those who attended a forum on Monday to discuss the Brentwood School District's drug policy.

Any drug policy in Brentwood schools would include a mix of preventative education and punishment for drug abuse, said school district officials to a group of community leaders, parents and students on Monday night.

But whether the addition of a drug testing program is the best way to address the issue remains unknown.

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Nearly 60 people attended a forum in the to discuss the issue of drug abuse in Brentwood hallways, and to identify ways to battle any drug problems in the community. Many of the attendees sat on a panel comprised of public safety officers, school administrators, former students and a parent, among others.

When the discussion turned to the potential addition of a drug testing program, most attendees who spoke said they supported the idea.

Chris Jones, an '85 Brentwood alumnus and head coach of , said drugs are "definitely a problem."

"I don't think money or budgets should be an issue. Let's just get it solved," Jones said.

Brentwood junior Nick Featherston approached the podium in his letterman's jacket and also said drugs are a problem. Featherston said he supported a testing program.

Four Brentwood parents—Carl Dreyer, Steve Hampel, Marla Logan and John Sappington—all said they supported drug testing too.

Why drug testing, and why now?

In September, the Brentwood Board of Education the drug testing program. Katrina Harper introduced the measure to give students a way to reject peer pressure, she said.

At the time, school board members were divided on the issue. Regina Gahr wondered whether drugs were really a problem in the school. Keith Rabenberg said he wanted to see data that supported drug testing's effectiveness before approving a program.

Legally, the school district could only conduct random tests on students who participate in extracurricular activities, Superintendent Dr. Charles Penberthy said.

The program would probably cost between $8-10,000, Penberthy said.

Potential problems to testing

Not all research supports drug testing as an effective option, said Marilyn Bader of the , who offered her perspective as a panelist on Monday.

The research community is divided on the effectiveness, she said.

"If you go with drug testing, I think it's important to realize it's one tool in the toolbox," she said.

Earlier in the discussion, public safety officers and school officials agreed that they could probably identify most drug users in the district without a testing program. Some panelists proposed that the district could spend $10,000 on preventative measures instead of a testing program.

During the open comment period, Brentwood junior Evan Marshall suggested a drug testing program might encourage students to replace marijuana with increased alcohol consumption. Others asked whether some students might skip extracurriculars altogether to avoid testing.

A question on punishment

Most attendees agreed that a first offense shouldn't result in punishment. Instead, those students would be connected with the appropriate professionals and resources to deal with the problem.

But, after that, school board member Dan Williams said he wants to "draw a line in the sand." If someone continues to test positive, then they need to be kicked off their team, he said.

Sarah Stinson, a 2011 alumnus who sat on Monday's panel, said that kind of punishment would give those students more free time to do things they probably shouldn't be doing.

How bad is the problem?

At the beginning of the night, officers from the Brentwood police and fire departments talked about their experiences with drugs in the community.

Matt Stoverink, a paramedic with the , said he mostly sees a problem with people between the ages of 18 and 25. In 2011, the fire department responded to 18 cases of drug overdoses, Stoverink said, and half of those were related to heroin.

The number of overdose cases has risen each year too. In 2009, the department recorded 13 cases. There were 16 in 2010.

And while most public safety officers in Brentwood agree that heroin isn't a problem in Brentwood schools, they believe the use of other substances—namely marijuana and alcohol—are functioning as gateway drugs for the students.

"They're doing stuff in high school that leads to (heroin)," Stoverink said.

Steve Disbennett, chief of the , urged parents to watch for warning signs. If grades are declining and students are hanging out with the wrong crowd, that might mean the student is involved with drugs, Disbennett said.

"I'm a big believer that parents have to take an active role," Disbennett said.

School resource officer

Right now, Paul Clayton works as a part-time school resource officer in the Brentwood School District. In the past, Detective Jim McIntyre performed the duty full-time, but the position was trimmed to save costs.

Williams asked for the city and school district to work together to return that position to full-time.

Disbennett agreed that a full-time officer would be beneficial in building relationships with students.

"It's not about snitching. It's about being a part of those kids' lives," Disbennett said.

What's next?

No votes were taken during Monday's meeting and no final decisions have been made yet.

After the meeting, school board members said they were happy with the dialogue and that many different perspectives were represented.

They plan to continue the drug discussion during their regularly-scheduled Brentwood Board of Education meetings.

Ryan Martin (Editor) January 11, 2012 at 06:24 AM
This is an important conversation happening in our community right now. I would love to hear from current and former Brentwood students. If someone would prefer to talk to me about this topic in a non-public way, please email me at ryan.martin@patch.com.
Scott Stinson January 11, 2012 at 12:32 PM
Its generally ok to play with a Heroine. I think we are talking about Heroin here!
Maureen Saunders January 11, 2012 at 03:48 PM
The addiction to drugs and alcohol is a huge problem in our society and only getting worse as highly addictive drugs such as heroin and prescribed narcotics are becoming more readily available. I commend Katrina Harper and her followers for bringing this steadily growing problem out into the open. We have taken the first and most important step. We have publicly acknowledged we have a problem. Now lets address it. I was not able to attend the meeting but I am willing to sit on a committee and help come up with solutions. As the expert stated there are many tools in the toolbox. Let's evaluate them and use them with the hopes of saving or changing one student's life and then hope that student pays it forward and encourages another student headed down the wrong path. Also, we the parents and adults have to keep in mind kids are smart. They are thinking DON'T TELL ME..SHOW ME. We the adults need to take a good look at how we use drugs and alcohol. Maureen Saunders
Ryan Martin (Editor) January 11, 2012 at 03:52 PM
Unless you're referring to heroines using heroin, right? In all seriousness — thanks for pointing that out. It's been fixed!
Pat Maloney (Wilken) January 11, 2012 at 04:24 PM
Years ago....I'm talking the 60's and 70's...my mother worked in the Psych ward of Missouri Baptist Hospital. She used to say if all the high schools took students on a tour, to the psych ward and walked them around they would see what drugs do. They would tell the stories of how the young people they saw in the ward, went from beautiful, smart (straight A's) young people to what they see there.....(drug addicts who no longer can function). Maybe that would, hopefully, deter them from ever using drugs in the first place. Maybe that would do what Maureen says also above.......DON'T TELL ME....SHOW ME.
Evan Marshall January 12, 2012 at 04:22 AM
In response to Ryan: There's no debate that marijuana has been prevalent within Brentwood High School for the past few decades, but more hardcore drugs were a bigger problem in the 1990s and early 2000s. I feel that if an outsider were to start following this discussion about drugs in Brentwood, that they would be led to believe that my highschool is filled with a large population of drug-crazed teenagers, and this is simply not the case. The outpour of support by parents and board members involving this matter is completely understandable, seeing as they always have our best interest in mind. However, the spending of $10,000 for drug testing is not justified in my book, because as someone who knows almost every student in the high school, I can say that "hardcore" drug use is NOT a problem within the school. It's understandable to say that marijuana and alcohol are gateway drugs, but look at schools such as Webster, Kirkwood, or the Parkways: They're dealing with issues involving heroin, cocaine, and bath salts, among other drugs. The magnitude of drug use in the Brentwood School District is not nearly as serious as these schools. Just something for the board of education to think about.
Jeffrey Marshall January 12, 2012 at 01:41 PM
Growing up in Brentwood, I was surprised to find out some of my school mates did drugs or had tried them. In my opinion 10k isnt alot if it saves one life. The death of even one person to drugs has a lasting affect, not only on a family but friends and a school in whole.
Ryan Martin (Editor) January 12, 2012 at 05:13 PM
Thanks for the perspective, Evan. Would you spend the $10,000 on other types of preventative measures at all, or do you think this topic is being hyped too much altogether? It's certainly an interesting discussion.
Scott Stinson January 12, 2012 at 05:40 PM
Well said Evan! Here is a little more food for thought before we make an emotion based decision http://www.drugpolicy.org/docUploads/drug_testing_booklet.pdf
Mike Marshall January 19, 2012 at 01:15 AM
Evan and Scott, while I don’t believe I have all the answers, I am willing to hear both sides. The fire department stated that there had been several Heroin overdoses within the city of Brentwood. While none of these were high school students, the drug is in Brentwood. With the increase of cars being broken into within the city of Brentwood, I suspect someone is already feeding an addiction to some drug, just my opinion. While it seemed that when I was in high school, alcohol was the drug of choice, I believe the drug of choice today is marijuana. What seems to bother me the most is how casual people are with the use of this drug? While alcohol is illegal to minors, it is legal for adults. Marijuana, on the other hand is illegal to minors and adults. No matter what people think about it, it is still illegal. As I have said before, why limit this to the children? Have the adults, i.e.… the teachers, administrators, and the Board of Education randomly tested. These adults that have such an important role in the education of our children should lead by example. If there is not a problem, isn’t it better to get out front on this before it does become a problem? Why not be proactive as opposed to being reactive?

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